Queens University

Queen’s University at Kingston (commonly shortened to Queen’s University or Queen’s) is a public research university in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Founded on 16 October 1841 via a royal charter issued by Queen Victoria, the university predates Canada’s founding by 26 years. Queen’s holds more than 1,400 hectares (3,500 acres) of land throughout Ontario and owns Herstmonceux Castle in East Sussex, England. Queen’s is organized into ten undergraduate, graduate and professional faculties and schools.

The Church of Scotland established Queen’s College in 1841 with a royal charter from Queen Victoria. The first classes, intended to prepare students for the ministry, were held 7 March 1842 with 13 students and two professors. Queen’s was the first university west of the maritime provinces to admit women and to form a student government. In 1883, a women’s college for medical education affiliated with Queen’s University was established. In 1888, Queen’s University began offering extension courses, becoming the first Canadian university to do so. In 1912, Queen’s secularized and changed to its present legal name.

Queen’s is a co-educational university, with more than 23,000 students, and with over 131,000 living alumni worldwide. Notable alumni include government officials, academics, business leaders and 57 Rhodes Scholars. The university was ranked 224th in the 2018 QS World University Rankings, 251–300 in the 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 201–300 in the 2017 Academic Ranking of World Universities, and 379th in the 2017 U.S. News & World Report university rankings. Queen’s varsity teams, known as the Golden Gaels, compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference of U Sports.

Queen’s was a result of an outgrowth of educational initiatives planned by Presbyterians in the 1830s. A draft plan for the university was presented at a synod meeting in Kingston in 1839, with a modified bill introduced through the 13th Parliament of Upper Canada during a session in 1840. On 16 October 1841, a royal charter was issued through Queen Victoria establishing Queen’s College at Kingston. Queen’s resulted from years of effort by Presbyterians of Upper Canada to found a college for the education of ministers in the growing colony and to instruct the youth in various branches of science and literature. They modelled the university after the University of Edinburgh and the University of Glasgow. Classes began on 7 March 1842, in a small wood-frame house on the edge of the city with two professors and 15 students.

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